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A revolver is a repeating firearm that has a cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing. The first true revolver — a flintlock — was made by Elisha Collier in 1818. The percussion cap revolver was invented by Samuel Colt in 1836. This weapon became known as the Colt Paterson. The first cartridge revolvers were produced around 1856 by Smith and Wesson. The original name was "revolving gun"; the short-form "revolver" is universally used.

1836 introductions Firearm actions Revolvers

When distinguished as a subset of handguns, a pistol is a handgun with a chamber that is integral with the barrel, as opposed to a revolver, wherein the chamber is separate from the barrel as a revolving cylinder.

Handguns Czech loanwords
Cartridge (firearms)

A cartridge, also called a round, packages the bullet, propellant (usually either smokeless powder or gunpowder) and primer into a single unit within a containing metallic case that is precisely made to fit within the firing chamber of a firearm. The primer is a small charge of an impact-sensitive chemical mixture that can be located at the center of the case head or inside a rim. Remington also makes electrically fired cartridges and many larger military cartridges are electrically fired.

Ammunition Pistol and rifle cartridges

A handgun is a firearm designed to have the potential to be held and operated by one hand, although not necessarily used that way. This characteristic differentiates handguns as a general class of firearms from long guns such as rifles and shotguns (which are mounted against the shoulder). Major handgun subtypes are the revolver and pistol; other subtypes include derringers, single-shot pistols, semi-automatic pistols, pepperboxes, and machine pistols.

Small arms Police weapons
M1911 pistol

The M1911 is a single-action, semi-automatic, magazine-fed, recoil-operated handgun chambered for the .45 ACP cartridge, which served as the standard-issue side arm for the United States armed forces from 1911 to 1985. It was widely used in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The M1911 is still carried by some U.S. forces.

Philippine–American War World War II Soviet infantry weapons Colt semi-automatic pistols Vietnam War infantry weapons of Australia World War I infantry weapons of the United States Curio and relic firearms Cold War firearms of the United States World War II infantry weapons of the United States Colt's Manufacturing Company Semi-automatic pistols United States Coast Guard weapons .45 ACP firearms Weapons of the Vietnam War World War II Chinese infantry weapons World War II infantry weapons of Australia Korean War infantry weapons of Australia
Small arms

Small arms is a term of art used by armed forces to denote infantry weapons an individual soldier may carry. The description is usually limited to revolvers, pistols, submachine guns, carbines, assault rifles, battle rifles, multiple barrel firearms, sniper rifles, squad automatic weapons, light machine guns (i.e. M60), and sometimes hand grenades.

Personal weapons Small arms Infantry support weapons Firearms
Semi-automatic pistol

A semi-automatic pistol is a type of handgun which uses a single chamber and barrel, with a mechanism powered by the previous shot to load a fresh cartridge into the chamber. One round is fired each time the trigger of a semi-automatic pistol is pulled.

Semi-automatic pistols Handguns Firearm actions Firearm terminology
Gun control

Gun control is any law, policy, practice, or proposal designed to restrict or limit the possession, production, importation, shipment, sale, and/or use of guns or other firearms by private citizens. Most commonly the guns in question are personal firearms, typically handguns and long guns.

Gun politics Firearms
Semi-automatic firearm

A semi-automatic, or self-loading firearm is a weapon which performs all steps necessary to prepare the weapon to fire again after firing—assuming cartridges remain in the weapon's feed device or magazine. Typically, this includes extracting and ejecting the spent cartridge case from the weapon's firing chamber, re-cocking the firing mechanism, and loading a new cartridge into the firing chamber.

Firearm actions
Beretta 92

The Beretta 92 (also Beretta 96 and Beretta 98) is a series of semi-automatic pistols designed and manufactured by Beretta of Italy. The model 92 was designed in 1972 and production of many variants in different calibers continues today. The United States armed forces replaced the Model 1911A1 .45 ACP pistol in 1985 with the military spec Beretta 92F, the M9.

.40 S&W firearms 9x21mm IMI firearms 1975 introductions Beretta pistols 9mm Parabellum firearms
Concealed carry in the United States

Concealed carry, or CCW (carrying a concealed weapon), refers to the practice of carrying a handgun or other weapon in public in a concealed manner, either on one's person or in proximity. While there is no federal law specifically addressing the issuance of concealed carry permits, 49 states have passed laws allowing citizens to carry certain concealed firearms in public, either without a permit or after obtaining a permit from local government and/or law enforcement.

Licenses Gun politics in the United States Self-defense United States firearms law
Colt Single Action Army

The Colt Single Action Army — also known as the Model P, Peacemaker, M1873, Single Action Army, SAA, and Colt 45 — is a single action revolver with a revolving cylinder holding six metallic cartridges. It was designed for the U.S. government service revolver trials of 1872 by Colt's Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company, today Colt's Manufacturing Company, and was adopted as the standard military service revolver until 1892.

.357 Magnum firearms Military revolvers American revolvers .38 Special firearms Police weapons Colt revolvers Spanish–American War weapons Revolvers Single-action revolvers Western (genre)
Concealed carry

Concealed carry, or CCW (carrying a concealed weapon), refers to the practice of carrying a handgun or other weapon in public in a concealed manner, either on one's person or in proximity.

Firearm laws
Walther PP

The Walther PP (police pistol) series pistols are blowback-operated semi-automatic pistols. They feature an exposed hammer, a traditional double-action trigger mechanism, a single-column magazine, and a fixed barrel which also acts as the guide rod for the recoil spring. The series includes the Walther PP, PPK, PPK/S, and PPK/E.

World War II German infantry weapons .380 ACP firearms Walther semi-automatic pistols James Bond gadgets and firearms 1929 introductions .32 ACP firearms
FN Five-seven

The FN Five-seven, trademarked as the Five-seveN, is a semi-automatic pistol designed and manufactured by FN Herstal in Belgium. The pistol is named for its 5.7-mm (.224 in) bullet diameter, and the trademark capitalization style is intended to emphasize the manufacturer's initials—FN. The Five-seven pistol was developed in conjunction with the FN P90 personal defense weapon and the FN 5.7×28mm cartridge.

Fabrique Nationale de Herstal firearms Delayed blowback firearms 5.7x28mm firearms Police weapons 1998 introductions Semi-automatic pistols
Brady Campaign

The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence and the Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence are affiliated non-profit organizations in the United States. They are named after James Brady who was permanently disabled as a result of an assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan in 1981.

501(c)(4) nonprofit organizations Gun control advocacy groups in the United States
Handgun holster

A handgun holster is a device used to hold or restrict the undesired movement of a handgun, most commonly in a location where it can be easily withdrawn for immediate use.

Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act

The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act is an Act of the United States Congress that instituted federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the United States. It was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 30, 1993, and went into effect on February 28, 1994. The Act was named after James Brady, who was shot by John Hinckley, Jr. during an attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan on March 30, 1981.

103rd United States Congress 1993 in law United States federal firearms legislation United States federal criminal legislation
Cylinder (firearms)

In firearms terminology, the Cylinder refers to the cylindrical, rotating part of a revolver containing multiple cartridge chambers. The cylinder revolves around a central axis in the revolver to bring each individual chamber into alignment with the barrel for firing. Each time the gun is cocked, the cylinder indexes by one chamber.

Metallic silhouette shooting

Metallic silhouette shooting is a group of target shooting disciplines that involves shooting at metal cutouts representing game animals at varying distances. Metallic silhouette shooting can be done with airguns, black powder firearms, modern handguns, or modern rifles. The targets used are rams, turkeys, pigs, and chickens, which are cut to different scales and set at certain distances from the shooter depending on the specific discipline.

Shooting sports

The HS2000 (Hrvatski Samokres), or XD (X-treme Duty) are a series of semi-automatic pistol that are polymer-framed and striker-fired. Manufactured in the city of Karlovac, Croatia by HS Produkt (formerly I.M. Metal), the Springfield Armory XD or XDM is the marketing name for the weapon, which is licensed and sold in the US by Springfield Armory, Inc.

.357 SIG firearms Croatian semi-automatic pistols .40 S&W firearms .45 GAP firearms Semi-automatic pistols .45 ACP firearms 1999 introductions American semi-automatic pistols 9mm Parabellum firearms
Gun violence in the United States

Gun violence in the United States is an intensely debated political issue in the United States. Gun-related violence is most common in poor urban areas and in conjunction with gang violence, often involving juveniles or young adults. Gun violence is not new in the United States, with the assassinations of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865, and of Presidents James Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy. High profile gun violence incidents, such as the assassinations of Robert F.

Law enforcement in Illinois Gun politics in the United States Crime in the United States
Automatic pistol

Gun laws in the United States (by state)

Gun laws in the United States regulate the sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition. State laws vary, and are independent of existing federal firearms laws, although they are sometimes broader or more limited in scope than the federal laws. For instance, some US states have created assault weapon bans that are similar to the expired federal assault weapons ban. State level laws vary significantly in their form, content, and level of restriction.

State law in the United States United States firearms law
Robert Adams (handgun designer)

Robert Adams (1809–1880) was a 19th-century British gunsmith who patented the first successful double-action revolver in 1851. His revolvers were used during the Crimean War, the Indian Mutiny, the U.S. Civil War, and the Anglo-Zulu War.

American Civil War industrialists Defunct firearms manufacturers Date of death missing 1880 deaths 1809 births Firearm designers Date of birth missing Place of death missing Place of birth unknown
Firearms Control Regulations Act of 1975

The Firearms Control Regulations Act of 1975 was passed by the District of Columbia city council on September 24, 1976. On June 26, 2008, in the historic case of District of Columbia v. Heller, the Supreme Court of the United States determined that the ban and trigger lock provision violate the Second Amendment. The law banned residents from owning handguns, automatic firearms, and high-capacity semi-automatic firearms, as well as prohibited possession of unregistered firearms.

History of Washington, D.C. United States firearms law
FP-45 Liberator

Not to be confused with the EMD FP45 diesel locomotive. The FP-45 Liberator was a pistol manufactured by the United States military during World War II for use by resistance forces in occupied territories.

Madison County, Indiana World War II firearms of the United States Single shot pistols .45 ACP firearms History of Dayton, Ohio Insurgency weapons
Finger gun

The finger gun is a hand gesture in which the subject uses their hand to mimic a handgun, raising their thumb above their fist to act as a hammer, and one or two fingers extended perpendicular to it acting as a barrel. The middle finger can also act as the trigger finger. It is also sometimes used by placing the "gun" to the side of one's own head or under the chin, as if committing suicide, to indicate a strong desire to be put out of one's misery, either from boredom or exasperation.

Hand gestures Fingers Firearms
Table of handgun and rifle cartridges by year

Table of selected handgun, submachine gun, rifle and machine gun cartridges by year.

Pistol and rifle cartridges Lists of weapons
Handgun hunting

Handgun hunting is primarily done with specialized handguns that have long barrels and are often set up with scopes (optical aiming devices). Even the largest animals, such as elephants, can be killed with modern hunting handguns, although most handgun hunters only use handguns when hunting medium-sized game like deer and wild hogs. The .44 Magnum, developed in 1955, was the beginning of handgun hunting for mainstream hunters.

Hunting methods
Type 77 pistol

The Type 77 is a 7.65x17 mm Type 64 caliber semi-automatic pistol in service with all branches of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China, People's Armed Police and various Chinese police forces. The Type 77 has been the main sidearm of the PLA for over two decades and is slowly being phased out by the QSZ-92 pistol in both military and police service but is still in widespread use across the country amongst second line military units and provincial police forces.

Chinese semi-automatic pistols Semi-automatic pistols 7.62 mm firearms Cold War weapons of China 9mm Parabellum firearms
ASP pistol

The ASP was a custom made handgun designed and built by Paris Theodore, owner of Seventrees, Ltd. a custom gun leather shop in New York from 1975 to 1987. The ASP was based on the Smith & Wesson Model 39 pistol. The ASP featured clear Lexan grips allowing the shooter to see how much ammunition is left, a rounded hammer, hooked triggerguard and no front sight. The ASP was responsible for later innovations made in the development of concealable handguns.

American semi-automatic pistols Semi-automatic pistols
List of handgun cartridges

List of repeating handgun cartridges, approximately in order of increasing caliber:

Ammunition Pistol and rifle cartridges Lists of weapons
Guncrafter Industries Model No. 1

The Guncrafter Industries Model No. 1 (Or M1) is a variant of the widely popular M1911 handgun, modified for the .50 GI cartridge. John Browning's 1911 .45 ACP has been used for many cartridges over the past century. In every instance the cartridge used a bullet with a diameter that was the same or smaller than the original .451". Both the Desert Eagle and the LAR Grizzly have been offered in cartridges of .50 caliber. Both are large cartridges requiring a large, heavy pistol. The Model No.

American semi-automatic pistols Semi-automatic pistols .50 caliber handguns
Stop Handgun Violence

Stop Handgun Violence is a Boston, Massachusetts-based 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that works to reduce and prevent injuries and deaths caused by firearms in the United States. The group advocates personal responsibility, public awareness, stronger legislation, increased gun manufacturer responsibility, and strict law enforcement. Stop Handgun Violence was founded in 1995 by Boston developer John Rosenthal with Michael Kennedy, son of former U.S.

Non-profit organizations based in Massachusetts Gun control advocacy groups in the United States
Osa (handgun)

Osa is a family of Russian non-lethal pistols that can be also used as flare launcher or flashbang gun. The system consists of the gun (2-4 cartridges, laser target pointer, electronic ignition capsule), and various ammunition types. The pistol is available on the civil market. It was designed and is manufactured by state owned organizations Federal center for research and manufacturing and The Institute for science and research in the applied chemistry.

Multiple barrel firearms Specialized firearms Pistols Weapons of Russia Non-lethal firearms
Colt Diamondback

The Colt Diamondback is a revolver manufactured by Colt's Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut, in calibers of .22 LR, .22 WMR and .38 Special. Inspired by the successful Colt Python, the Diamondback was manufactured from 1966 to 1988 and was available in barrel lengths of 2½, 4, and 6 inches.

.38 Special firearms Police weapons Colt revolvers Revolvers .22 LR firearms
Side grip

The side grip is a technique for shooting a handgun in which the weapon is rotated about ninety degrees and held horizontally instead of vertically (as is normally done). Shooting a gun in this way has no practical benefit under most circumstances and makes proper aiming very difficult, but the style has become somewhat popular in rap culture and among street criminals (who do not often use the gun sight) due to its portrayal in U.S. film and television since the 1990s.

Handgun effectiveness

Handgun effectiveness is a measure of the stopping power of a handgun: its ability to incapacitate a hostile target as quickly and efficiently as possible.

Handguns Ballistics
Modular Handgun System

The Modular Handgun System (MHS) is a U.S. military competition for a new handgun. The Modular Handgun System is anticipated to be the next U.S. military standard side arm replacing the M9 pistol.

American semi-automatic pistols United States Army projects
One handgun a month law

A one-handgun a month law is a law which limits handgun purchases to one per 30-days, for an individual. Proponents supported such laws in the effort to keep criminals, or would be criminals from amassing large numbers of handguns in a short period of time. Supporters argued that gun traffickers frequently purchase large numbers of cheap handguns from states which lack such laws in order to transport and sell them within states with such laws.

United States federal firearms law
Gun laws in North Carolina

Gun laws in North Carolina regulate the sale, possession, and use of firearms and ammunition in the state of North Carolina in the United States.

North Carolina law United States firearms law
Australian & New Zealand Handgun

Australian & New Zealand Handgun is a publication of the Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia, specifically dealing with the sport shooting, professional use, and historic study of handguns in Australia.

Firearms magazines Australian magazines Publications established in 2003
Handgun Club of America

Sports clubs in the United States Gun rights advocacy groups in the United States Handgun shooting sports

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